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Apples سیب

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March

  • Spray trees with dormant oil to control San Jose scale, aphid eggs, mite eggs.
  • Prune 15–20% last year’s growth to let light in.
  • Remove diseased/broken limbs.




Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems include: production problems due to poor rootstock, pollination, planting (bed preparation), training and pruning, variety selection, and IPM for Apples: Codling moth, powdery mildew, apple scab, fire blight, wholly apple aphid, San Jose scale, green fruit worm, European red mite, green apple aphids, Bermuda grass.
  • Priority opportunities include training nurserymen in improved rootstock management, better match varieties with growing regions (See PHDP), and improved water management.

These draft priority problems are based on feedback from agricultural consultants, Afghans specialists, and Tom Brown.


Crop Calendar

  • Apple Crop Calendar Fact Sheet (California Backyard Gardener)
  • For crop calendars of specific regions, choose a province from the list on the left or go to the Province Info page on the top menu bar


    • PHDP Varietal Selection and Production English (excerpt), دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
    • National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)

Pest Management for Apples


  • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Apple Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis PostHarvest RIC)
  • General Postharvest Page

Market Information (All Crops)

Photo Gallery



Global Hort Knowledge Bank - Apples