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Onions and Garlic پیاز و سیر


Dr. Khalid Farooq photographed by Heidi Carrubba 2010


Problems and Opportunities

Onions are a major crop in Afghanistan.

  • Priority problems of onions include: scarcity of suitable improved varieties, and IPM for onions and garlic.
  • Priority opportunities include: identifying a short day white or yellow onion that can grow through the winter in the milder/warmer parts of the country to fill an existing market gap, dehydrated onion for international markets (onion powder), and improved irrigation practices.

These draft priority problems and opportunities are based on input from Tom Brown, Alan Walters (SIU), and Donald Harper (USDA).



  • Diagnostics Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Onion Production Excerpt پشتو (Pashto) (USAID ADP/E)
  • General Vegetable Production Manual Pashto (2.3 MB) (USAID ADP/E)
  • Production Management of Onion and Garlic PPT as PDF (2.8 MB) (USAID ADP/E)
  • Fertilization 
  • Water Management
    • Drip Irrigation Manual (11.7MB) (IDE)
  • Onion Production for Eastern Region PPT as PDF (IDEA-NEW Noori)

Pest Management

  • Common pest and disease pests for onions and garlic include bacterial soft rot, basal rot, blue mold rot, botrytis leafspot, downy mildew, garlic mosaic virus, purple blotch and stemphylium leaf blight, damping-off, neck rot, rust, white rot, onion maggot, bulb mites, thrips, root knot nematode, dodder, and nutsedge.


  • Saving Seed Fact Sheet (AVRDC)
  • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Harvesting, Curing and Storing Onions Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Harvesting and Storing Onions icon video: Videos (U of Maine and Kansas State U)
  • General Postharvest Page

Market Information (All Crops)

Onion Wholesale Market Overview (Balkh Province, Afghanistan)  icon video Video



Global Hort Knowledge Bank - onions