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Pomegranate انار

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March

  • Sucker removal. Remove suckers arising from the base of the tree.
  • Tree shaping. Prune to desired tree height. Remove bent or broken branches
  • Nutrient management. Apply (either in fall or winter) 0.2-0.4 kg N per tree per year. On light soils, apply half in winter and half in spring.
  • Irrigation. Little or no irrigation during winter may be needed.
  • Propagation. Take cuttings for propagation



pomegranate fruit (8).jpg

Pomegranate originated in Afghanistan and Iran, and remains one of the most popular home orchard crops. It is commercially valued both domestically and as the main fruit exported to Pakistan, Russia and other Arabic countries. Pomegranate is a low input/high output crop and is very adaptable, tolerating poor soil, limited irrigation, pests, and minimal pruning.

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority Problems for Afghanistan Pomegranates include: fruit splitting, pollination, training & pruning, and IPM for pomegranates.
  • Priority Opportunities include improved harvesting techniques to prevent fruit splitting, and improved grading and sorting practices. 

These draft priority problems are based on feedback from Afghanistan based on discussions with agricultural consultants, Afghan specialists, Muhammad Aziz Saeedi (PHDC-Jalalabad/ANHDO), agricultural experts at Kandahar University, Kandahar DAIL, and Tom Brown.


Crop calendar


    • For certified sapling contact PHDP (Perennial Horticulture Development Project)
    • PHDP Varietal Selection and Production English (excerpt), دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
    • National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
  • Planting

    Pest Management for Pomegranate


      Improved cultural practices can help prevent fruit splitting. Pick fruits at optimal timing: when fully ripe they should make a metallic sound when tapped.  The ripe fruit should be carefully selected and picked by hand and not pulled from the tree. Grade according to quality and keep different qualities separate.

      • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Postharvest Options PPT as PDF (1.3 MB) (Ludhiana University, India)
      • Maintaining Quality of Pomegranates PPT as PDF (4.2 MB) (UC Davis)
      • Example of Standards Fact Sheet (Fresh Spec)
      • General Postharvest Page

      Market Information (All Crops)

      Photo Gallery   



       Global Hort KB - Pomegranate