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Almonds بادام

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March)

  • Tree management.
    • Pruning. Prune trees in December/January to allow more light into the tree to promote growth of new fruiting wood.
    • Remove dead, diseased, drooping branches and “suckers” in the center of trees.
  • Pest management.
    • Remove and destroy old nuts on trees and on ground to reduce overwintering navel orangeworms.
    • Spray trees with dormant oil to kill peach twig borer, San Jose scale, and mite eggs.



Almond processing


Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority opportunities include production of more soft shelled varieties like Satar Bai, which routinely sell well at the farm gate. There is also a need for certified varieties from approved nursery sales (such as PHDP).

These draft problems and opportunities are based on feedback from Tom Brown, agricultural consultants, and Afghan specialists.


Crop Calendar

Nursery Management


  • Production Manual Pashto (1 MB) (UC Davis)
  • Variety selection
    • Afghan Almonds Manual (3.4 MB) (Roots of Peace)
      • For certified sapling contact PHDP (Perennial Horticulture Development Project)
      • PHDP Varietal Selection and Production, Almond Excerpt English, (full) دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
      • National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)

      Pest Management


      • Harvesting icon video Video  (UC Davis for Roots of Peace) 
      • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Almond Marketing Manual English (UC Davis for Roots of Peace)
      • General Postharvest Page

      Market Information (All Crops)

      Photo Gallery



      Global Hort KB - Almonds