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Organic Export Feasibility Study - Afghanistan -MC-ICARDA

Developed by A. Chubb, C. Firth, P. Harris & J. Wright with the Mercy Corps, May 2005 The RALF Program is funded by the UK Department for International Development (UK) and managed by the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) RALF01-07: Restorative Agriculture and Rural Economy (RARE) Research Project “THE FEASIBILITY OF ORGANIC CONVERSION IN SOUTHERN AFGHANISTAN” Summary The Organic Export Feasibility Study aims to evaluate, over two years, the prospects and possibilities for the development of a Southern Afghan organic export market. The focus is primarily, but not exclusively, on low-volume/high-value orchard crops (fruit and nuts). The study has three phases; this first phase is to determine the theoretical possibility for organic conversion. This report assesses the viability, feasibility and possibilities for organic conversion in Afghanistan. It assesses the agronomic, social and economic feasibility of organic production on-farm, and then evaluates the global market potential for specific crops. It then goes on to investigate the processes and qualifications necessary for accreditation with a relevant body. It includes a review of organic certification and an evaluation of how this might be applied and developed in the Afghan context. Overall, this study concludes that, based on the currently available knowledge, there is no insuperable constraint to a pilot attempt to develop an organic export initiative in Southern Afghanistan.

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